Xandra Kramer is a Professor of Private Law (Erasmus University Rotterdam) and of Private International Law (Utrecht University) as well as a Deputy Judge in the District Court of Rotterdam. Her research mission is to contribute to improving access to justice in the international context. She is particularly interested in the functioning of civil justice systems, the crossroads between procedural justice and economic efficiency, justice innovation and digitization, complex litigation and the harmonisation of private international law and civil procedure. She is Principal Investigator of an European Research Council (ERC) consolidator project ‘Building EU Civil Justice’ (www. euciviljustice.eu) and of a Vici project on ‘Affordable Access to Justice’ funded by the Dutch Research Council. She is an elected member to the Dutch Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) and chairs the legal section. She has been in charge of and involved in multiple studies for the European Commission, the European Parliament, and the Dutch Ministry of Justice, on different topics of private international law and civil procedure, digitization and strategic lawsuits against public participation (SLAPPs). She was Co-Reporter and Reporter of working groups resulting in the adoption of the ELI-International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT) Model European Rules of Civil Procedure in 2020.