Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Public Administration – Developing Impact Assessments and Public Participation for Digital Democracy

For an overview of past and upcoming meetings of this project and its preceding feasibility study, please click here.

Kindly contact the ELI Secretariat if you have any questions concerning the project.

Quick Facts

Project Type: Model Rules
Procedure: Regular
Adopted: CD 2020/12 on a Project
Project Period: May 2020
December 2021


Public administration, being an emanation of the State's public functions, entails the processing of much more data than private entities. New technologies, such as artificial intelligence, can therefore play a significant role in the modernisation and overall improvement of the functioning of public administration. On the other hand, a guarantee of the transparency, correctness and security of the processed data is also fundamental. Therefore, the possibilities to implement AI in the operation of public administration are limited by the principle of legality and the need to ensure a high degree of reliability of technologies used, as well as the need to ensure the respect of citizens’ rights.

Public administration is, as a result, confronted with specific challenges in the deployment of AI and, more generally, algorithms. The use of these techniques poses specific problems related to the particular requirements associated with the principle of good administration. In addition, issues such as transparency, accountability, compliance and non-discrimination are particularly relevant in the context of public administration.

This project follows on from a preceding feasibility study, which identified issues to be addressed in more detail in the project and provided an insight into the final output.



The project aims to lay down a basis for developing procedures on artificial intelligence that will not hinder innovation while providing solid safeguards to improve citizens' confidence in the use of the technology. These could serve as inspiration to national as well as EU legislators but also governments and administrations.



Following an already successful approach in environmental law, the project will develop a set of model rules that include the need to conduct an impact assessment and a public consultation prior to the introduction of an AI-based tool in the realm of public administration.

Alternative rules will also be discussed and proposed to facilitate the adaptation of rules to different levels of ambition. 

The elaboration of model rules is consistent with and will complement the approach taken by the European Union in the development of trustworthy AI.







  • Marek Wierzbowski

Project Reporters

  • Marc Clément
  • Paul Craig
  • Jens-Peter Schneider

Project Team Members

  • Jonathan Dollinger
  • Franz Merli
  • Daniel Le Métayer
  • Karolina Wojciechowska
  • Katarzyna Ziółkowska

Advisory Committee Members

  • Fabrizio Cafaggi
  • Raja Chatila
  • Peter Darak
  • Jonas Ebbesson
  • Joanna Goodey
  • Michael Gøtze
  • Alexia Maniaki-Griva
  • William M McKechnie
  • Yannick Meneceur
  • Philip Moser (Assessor)
  • Pascal Pichonnaz (Assessor)
  • Ilaria Pretelli (Assessor)
  • David Reichel
  • Jane Reichel
  • Jason M Schultz
  • Olivia Tambou
  • Clara Velasco
  • Fryderyk Zoll (Assessor)

Members Consultative Committee

  • Raquel Abajas

  • Chiara Angiolini
  • Francesco Avolio
  • Arvind Babajee
  • Alexander Balthasar
  • Robert Bray
  • Alessandro Cenerelli
  • Ignace Claeys
  • Council of the Notariats of the European Union (represented by Tamás Parti, Raul Radoi and Tamás Sajben)
  • Edita Čulinović Herc
  • Alberto De Franceschi
  • Gudula Deipenbrock
  • Darinka Dekleva Marguč
  • Mustafa Ebaid
  • Wian Erlank
  • Sjef van Erp
  • Dessislava Fessenko
  • Elena Mihaela Fodor
  • Laurence Gormley
  • Patrícia Guimarães
  • Sarah Houllier
  • Dariusz Kloza
  • Maria Lubomira Kubica
  • Stephanie Laulhe Shaelou
  • Dulce Lopes
  • Elwira Macierzyńska-Franaszczyk
  • Caroline Mantl
  • Carlos Marinho
  • Irena Nesterova
  • Elena Alina Ontanu
  • Manuel Peláez Muras
  • Katarzyna Pokryszka
  • Radim Polčák
  • Oreste Pollicino
  • Francesco Quarta
  • Teresa Rodriguez de las Heras Ballell
  • Leigh Sagar
  • David Michael Schneeberger
  • Anna Simonati
  • Guillem Soler Solé
  • Henrique Sousa Antunes
  • Veronica Williams
  • Boštjan Zalar